Censorship Before the 20th Century
By Sarah Hoski, Allyson Forstka, and Caleb Pressley


During 1733, John Peter Zenger began publishing articles going against the colonial governor William Cosby. After continuing to publish these
articles he was arrested with seditious libel because people thought they were false and very scandalous. Zenger was put into prison,
defended by Alexander Hamilton and then proven not guilty. Because of this court case, freedom of press was established in America as long as
the facts that are stated in an article can be backed up.

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William Tyndale was the scholar who translated the Bible into the early Modern English language. Along with his translations were notes that encouraged the religious views.The authorities banned his translation and burned him at the stake in 1536.

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Thomas Bowdler, an English physician, was known as the man who edited or censored works of William Shakespear to make it more suitable for women
and children. He was one of the first people to actually censor literature.

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The municipal edict in 1749 banned the Irish playwriter, Henry Brooke's play, Jack the Giant Queller for critizing the local government of Dublin. This
play is a useful example of stage censorship that was present for the 20th century.
More Imformation

Works Cited

"Peter Zenger and ." Archiving Early America. Web. 16 Oct 2009. <http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/bookmarks/zenger/>.

"English Bible History." greatsite.com. Greatsite Marketing, Web. 17 Oct 2009. <http://www.greatsite.com/timeline-english-bible-history/william-tyndale.html>.

"Thomas Bowdler." Classic Encyclopedia. 19:47, 15 Sep 2006. Web. 17 Oct 2009. <http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Thomas_Bowdler>.

Morash, Chris. Muse. Web. 17 Oct 2009. <http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/modern_drama/v048/48.1morash.html>.