20th Censorship around the World #2
by Andrew, Dagger, and Carson

All around the world, governments have censored people they believed to be opposing them or opposing a certain ideology. This page is an effort to remember the struggles many influential individuals had to go through in order to express their true feelings. These individuals are pictured below with a short excerpt of what they did: Federico Garcia Lorca, Alexander Solzhenistsyn, James Joyce, Nadine Gordimer, and Salman Rushdie.

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Federico Garcia Lor
ca
This is Federico Garcia Lorca, who wrote many works during his time, many of which were banned in Spain until 1971. His works eventually became very influential in Spain however, as well as in Cuba and the Dominican Republic. He was looked down upon because of his leftist leanings and apparent homosexuality.




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Alexander Solzhenistsyn
​Alexander Solzhenistsyn was a Russian who spoke out against the ideology of Stalin in letters he was writing to his friends. These letters were intercepted by military censors and kept from the entire country. This is just one example of how governments will censor their citizens just so they will not have any opposition.


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​The most famous work of James Joyce, Ulysses, was based after Homer's The Odyssey, Ulysses being another word for Odysseus, who was the main character in Homer's epic. It was burned in many places in the United States because of its obscenity, but this burning was eventually put down by the Supreme Court in 1934.

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Nadine Gordimer
​Nadine Gordimer was a social activist in South Africa who worked against many of the social problems there, primarily apartheid. She stood for the rights of the people in South Africa by joining activist groups and writing a number of books, many of which were banned there to "keep the peace".

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​Salman Rushdie wrote a book called The Satanic Verse, that was banned in most Islamic countries. It spoke out against Muslims, and was therefore labled as a blasphemous book. A very high price was awarded for his head by the leaders of many of these Islamic countries, because the impact of his book was so large.


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